After a five-month break, negotiations with Iran on averting the collapse of the nuclear agreement will resume in Vienna.
Officials are expected to discuss the possibility of the United States returning to the 2015 agreement that limited Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of sanctions, which is expected to be discussed.
As a result of President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the agreement in 2018 and reimpose US sanctions, Iran has broken a number of promises.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) negotiations began in Vienna in April, with the participation of representatives from China, France, Germany, Russia, and the United Kingdom (UK).
According to a senior US official, an agreement on what steps Washington and Tehran should take and when was “largely complete” prior to the Iranian presidential election in June, according to the New York Times.
Talks between the United States and Iran on Reviving the Nuclear Agreement Are at an Impasse
After Hassan Rouhani, a moderate who negotiated the JCPOA with the Obama administration, a hardliner and outspoken critic of the West, Ebrahim Raisi was elected.
In August, Mr. Raisi promised that he would not let the talks drag on, but he only agreed to return to Vienna earlier this month after taking office and promising to keep his word.
Iranian negotiators will not budge “in any way” in their efforts to protect their country’s rights, he has said.
Joe Biden is ready to lift sanctions if Iran corrects its transgressions. However, it wants the United States to take the lead.
Since Iran has made significant progress in its uranium enrichment program, Western diplomats have warned that time is running out to find a solution.
There is no doubt in Iran’s mind that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.
the immediate lifting of all US sanctions, and “guarantee” that no future president of the United States will unilaterally abandon the deal, according to the Iranian foreign ministry.
According to Robert Malley, Biden’s special envoy for Iran, all steps necessary to return to compliance will be taken, including lifting Trump administration sanctions that have crippled Iran’s economy.
The “window for negotiations… will not be open forever,” Mr. Malley has cautioned Iran.
“Rather than being a traditional timepiece, this is a cutting-edge technological device. The JCPOA will eventually be eroded to the point where we can no longer discuss it – you can’t revive a dead corpse, after all “In a recent briefing, he made the comments.
If Iran does not negotiate in good faith and put its nuclear program “back in the box,” the US secretary of state has stated that “every option is on the table.”
One of the most important aspects of the JCPOA was Iran’s ability to enrich uranium, which is used in nuclear power plants but also has the potential to be used in weapons of mass destruction.
As a result of this agreement, Iran agreed to limits on how much material it could store, how pure it could be, and how many centrifuge machines it could use to enrich it.
In retaliation for Mr. Trump’s sanctions reinstatement, which he called “defective at its core” and sought to compel Iranian leaders to negotiate a replacement, it began gradually breaching those restrictions in 2019.
An Iranian stockpile that is many times larger than permitted now includes 60 percent-purity enrichment uranium – just one step from the 90 percent purity required to make an atomic weapon.
Enrichment at a previously converted underground facility has been restarted and steps have been taken to produce enriched uranium metal, a critical component of nuclear bombs.
In addition, IAEA inspectors have been severely restricted in their access to Iran’s nuclear facilities.
The new Iranian government has been slow to return to Vienna, taking nearly six months. There are a lot of demands on its table when it shows up. Iran declares that it will not discuss its nuclear activities with the international community. The lifting of US sanctions should be the primary focus of these discussions. Everything. Immediately. Verifiably. With assurances that the United States will not pull out of the agreement in the future.
Both the United States and the other signatories to the original nuclear agreement now want the talks to pick up where they left off in June when both sides expressed confidence that an agreement was possible.
For those who do not want to talk about the speeding up of Iran’s nucleotide program, the United States offers diplomatic euphemisms like “other options” and “other tools” to keep Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
However, Western powers are still unsure of the intentions of this new Iranian government: is it willing to negotiate a deal and agree on the necessary concessions?
Then again, is Iran simply biding its time in order to enrich even more uranium, which it insists it will never use in a nuclear weapon?
The answer to that question is crucial.
At this point, there is more snow on the ground in Vienna than optimism as these discussions could go on for some time.
Stay tuned for more updates with Market Research Journals.